The aim of this study was establishing prognostic factors of mortality and proper prediction of clinical course and outcome of pneumonia.
We studied 240 patients aged ≥65 years with community acquired pneumonia. On admission, pneumonia severity were assessed according to: demographic characteristics,accompanying diseases, physical symptoms and findings, laboratory values, chest radiography and oxygen blood saturation values. Characteristic prognostic factors were established by used of Backward-LR multivariate logistic regression.
Altered mental status, respiratory frequency ≥23/min and presence of bilateral infiltrates on chest x-ray were established as the most important prognostic factors of mortality (p<0.001). Sensitivity of this factors was 57.89%, specificity 100%, and accuracy 93.33%. Age and sex was not significantly associated with mortality.
Presence of identified characteristic prognostic factors, on admission, pointed out to adverse clinical course and outcome of community acquired pneumonia in elderly.
Identification of characteristic prognostic factors on admission helps in proper prediction of clinical course and outcome of pneumonia in elderly.
Ivanka Djordjevic, No Financial Disclosure Information; No Product/Research Disclosure Information