Due to the irreversible nature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the aim of treatment in patients with COPD is not to cure, but to reduce symptoms, increase functioning, and improve quality of life. It has been suggested that depression is a common emotional disturbance in patients with COPD who are faced with major physical impairment and embarrassing symptoms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors of depression in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Total 146 patients with a registered diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were selected. Depression was assessed using the Centers for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. Life of quality was assessed using the korean version of St. George‘s Respiratory Questionnaire.
In the correlation model, interaction of FEV1% over predicted value and SGRQ score (symptom, activity, impact, overall score) was statistically signiticant. Interaction of FEV1% over predicted value and depression scale (CES-D) also was statistically significant. SGRQ scores(symptom, activity, impact, overall score) were positively associated with depression scale.
the prevalence of depression in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was relatively high. Significant risk factor associated with depression was pulmonary function and the living standards.
Depression is a common emotional disturbance in patients with COPD. Therefore early diagnosis and proper treatment of depression is important to patients with COPD.
Hyun Jung Jin, No Financial Disclosure Information; No Product/Research Disclosure Information