PURPOSE: Tobacco smoking is known to cause a huge burden of disease throughout the world, smoking is responsible for 4 million deaths per year. This study is performed in order to fill the existing gaps in information regarding current trends for lifestyle and tobacco-related disease in Iran.
METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study performed with the help of a questionnaire and using a multi-stage cluster sampling method. The final sample size, after the screening of the data, was 84706 out of 89457 records.
RESULTS: From a total of 84706 people in this study, 49.7% were men, 52% were uneducated and 64.8% cane from urban areas; 79.9% did not smoke, 15.3% smoked actively, 2.1% were non-active smokers and 2.7% were ex-smokers. The prevalence of smoking was higher in people aged 35 to 64 years (P<0.001). Quitting rates increased with age, especially in women (P<0.001). Smoking was more prevalent in men (P<0.001) and in rural areas (P<0.001). The average number of cigarettes smoked per day was 14.69. Smoking prevalence was lower among adults with higher levels of education compared to those with lower education levels (P<0.001).
CONCLUSION: This nationwide survey provides a baseline for future longitudinal studies of smoking in Iran. There is a need for effective smoking prevention and cessation programs with a focus on the young population.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: This study provided informations for future study in field of smoking and also informations for health care providers in Iran for planning programs for fighting against tobacco.
DISCLOSURE: Samrad Mehrabi, No Financial Disclosure Information; No Product/Research Disclosure Information