PURPOSE: To find prevalence of asthma in children from rural areas of Ajmer and its relation with prevalence of allergic conditions/atopy.
METHODS: A total of 2416 school going children in rural areas of ajmer were included in the study. Out of these 1249 were males 1167 were females. To assess the prevalence rate of asthma modified questionnaire was adopted. PEFR was also noted in all the children. Spirometer with bronchodilator reversibility was done in all cases who gave any history of allergy/asthma in questionnaire or who had below normal PEFR values.
RESULTS: Out of 2416 children only 123 (5.1%) had allergy. In rural area in male children 8 (0.6%) had allergic conjunctivitis, 31 (2.48%) allergic rhinitis and 13 (1.04%) had eczema. In female children 12 (1.02%) had allergic conjunctivitis, 53 (4.5%) allergic rhinitis and 6 (0.5%) had eczema. Out of the total number who had different type of allergies, the number of male children having asthma was 21 (40.03%) and 34 (47.8%) females. The overall prevalence of asthma among children having allergy or atopy was 44.7% . 2293 children (1196 males and 1097 females) did not have any allergy/atopy. Among this group 28 (1%) had asthma (13 males and 15 females).
CONCLUSION: Prevalence of asthma was higher in children having allergy/ atopy (44.7%) than in children with no allergy/atopy(1%).
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Presence of allergy is an important risk factor in development of asthma in children from rural areas of Ajmer.
DISCLOSURE: Sidharth Sharma, None.