PURPOSE: Patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) also tend to have one or more cardiovascular risk factors, including erectile dysfunction (ED). The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalence of ED in a CHF disease management program and to determine if there is a correlation between ED and patients’ perceived quality of life.
METHODS: A cohort of 74 men enrolled in a CHF disease management program completed two validated tools, the Sexual Health Inventory For Men, which assesses a patient's level of ED, and the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire, which assesses their perceived quality of life.
RESULTS: More than 80% (n=62) had ED. Of the sixty two patients with ED, 12% had mild ED, 31% moderate, and 40% severe. Among the ED patients, 53% had diabetes, 40% had ischemic cardiomyopathy, and the mean EF was 23% (SD=8). There was a positive correlation between ED and high scores on the Minnesota questionnaire (r=.25, P=0.04) indicating ED was correlated with poorer quality of life.
CONCLUSION: There is a high prevalence of ED in this population, and these patients have a worse perceived quality of life.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: ED is a common, clinically important comorbidity in patients with CHF and it should be screened for and treated in this population.
DISCLOSURE: Jennifer Miranda, No Financial Disclosure Information; No Product/Research Disclosure Information