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Abstract: Poster Presentations |

CORRELATION BETWEEN D-DIMER LEVELS AND SEVERITY OF PULMONARY EMBOLISM FREE TO VIEW

Adel I. Blamoun; M Alfakir, MD; A Sedfawi, MD; Ashraf Rashid, MD; Mahmoud Moammar, MD; Vincent DeBari, PhD; M A. Khan, MD
Author and Funding Information

St. Joseph Regional Hospital and Medical Center, Paterson, NJ


Chest


Chest. 2008;134(4_MeetingAbstracts):p38001. doi:10.1378/chest.134.4_MeetingAbstracts.p38001
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Abstract

PURPOSE: D-dimer is a fibrin degradation fragment that is released endogenously through fibrinolysis. D-dimer is well known in the literature for its high negative predictive value in excluding the presence of Pulmonary Embolism (PE). Our study investigates the correlation between the concentration of D-Dimer and the severity of PE.

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study in which we reviewed the records of a cohort of adult subjects (n=109, 64 females and 43 males) between the ages of 18 and 94 who were admitted to our institution in the past 6 years. All the subjects were diagnosed with PE based on Computed Tomographic Angiogram (CT-Angiogram) or Ventilation/Perfusion (V/Q) scan. We reviewed the available data for all subjects including, D-Dimer level, A-a gradient, CT- Angiogram and V/Q scan. For statistical purposes α was set at 0.05.

RESULTS: D-Dimer demonstrates a strong correlation with the severity of PE based on A-a gradient (þ = 0.83, P<0.0001.) Also, when D-Dimer was compared among groups sorted by severity results as mild, moderate, severe and very severe (saddle embolus) based on CT angiogram and or V/Q scan, a highly significant difference was observed (K-W statistic = 90.66, P<0.0001; post hoc Dunn's test, post Friedman: P<0.001 for all groups except Severe vs. Very Severe ( P>0.05).

CONCLUSION: Our study indicates that there is a strong correlation between the level of D-Dimer and the severity of PE as estimated by CT-Angiogram, V/Q scan and A-a gradient. This illustrates that D-dimer measurements may have utility beyond the well-known negative predictive value.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The data suggests that a D-dimer level may be used in predicting the severity of PE and therefore, may be used in guiding the management.

DISCLOSURE: Adel Blamoun, No Financial Disclosure Information; No Product/Research Disclosure Information

Tuesday, October 28, 2008

1:00 PM - 2:15 PM


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