PURPOSE: Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder that causes a range of symptoms from a nuisance urge to move, to distressing deep sensations in the limbs, up to debilitating sleep disturbances. The prevalence of this condition, based on available data, can be anywhere from 0.1% to 10%, depending on different studies. In the Philippines, there are still no data that would estimate the prevalence of this condition. This study aims to document the presence of the syndrome in the Philippine population and attempt to estimate the point prevalence of the disease.
METHODS: A self administered questionnaire survey was done among employees working an eight to five job in the Philippines. These subjects were selected with only their willingness to join as the inclusion criteria. The questionnaire consisted of the four criteria as defined by the International RLS Study Group (IRLSSG) in 2003 in assessing the diagnosis of Restless leg syndrome.
RESULTS: Among the 200 respondents, there were two who fulfilled the minimal criteria set by the IRLSSG for diagnosing RLS. Prevalence is estimated to be one percent (1%), (95% confidence interval for the given population).
CONCLUSION: Restless Leg syndrome is rare in the working population in the Philippines, and this primary study validates the low prevalence of RLS in Asian countries, as documented in India, Japan and Singapore.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Restless Leg Syndrome is of clinical importance in countries where quality of life is the goal. For a developing country such as the Philippines, the low prevalence coupled with economic factors of just trying to survive, RLS is still yet to find significance in the clinicians psyche.
DISCLOSURE: Ronaldo Panganiban, No Product/Research Disclosure Information; Grant monies (from industry related sources) Our study was funded through an unrestricted educational grant from Boehringer Ingelheim Medical Science Foundation, Inc.