PURPOSE: To study smoking as a risk factor in prevalence of asthma in urban areas of Ajmer.
METHODS: The total number of children Included in study from urban schools was 4553. The number of children aged 5-10 years children was 1949, which included 745 Male and 1204 Females. The male to female ratio was 1:1.6. To assess the prevalence rate of asthma modified questionnaire was adopted. PEFR was also noted in all the children.
RESULTS: In urban area children exposed to tobacco smoke were 1642 (36.06%). Out of which 682 (38%) were Males and 960 (34.5%) were Females. The total no. of asthmatics, who were exposed to tobacco smoke was 143 (8.7%), including 88 males (12.7%) and 55 females (5.7%). In children not exposed to tobacco smoke the prevalence rate of asthma was 2.02%.
CONCLUSION: Thus the prevalence rate of asthma was higher in children exposed to tobacco smoke.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Exposure to tobacco smoke could be significant risk factor for asthma in children of urban areas of Ajmer.
DISCLOSURE: Dr.Sidharth Sharma, No Financial Disclosure Information; No Product/Research Disclosure Information