PURPOSE: Active and passive smoking are important risk factors for the Romanian population. Both pregnant women and their babies are exposed to health problems. The objective of our study was to determine the smoking prevalence of Romanian pregnant and confined women and to identify in the same time the smoking consequences on their babies.
METHODS: In three maternity services from Bucharest an original questionnaires (with 20 questions) was distribute and a CO measurement was made.
RESULTS: 160 pregnant and confined women with age between 18–40 years old were analysed; 31.3% were smokers (over the average of the prevalence to Romanian women −28%) with an average by 5–10 cigarettes/day (for 46% of them). A lot of them were primipara, but we had also a confined at seven pregnancy, smoker, whose child had only 920g. Regarding smoking in pregnancy, 58% of them smoked in precedent pregnancy and 78% were smoking during this pregnancy. We found a value of CO >11ppm only in 0.05% of smokers, so among smokers the majority of them are occasionally smokers at the moment of our enquiry and smokes a cigarette in more than ten minute. All of them are exposed at passive smoke at office and home. The most frequent complications were bleedings (18%) and low weight at born (12%).
CONCLUSION: The study demonstrate that we have still great problem with the level of education of our pregnant women. Lack of information and the absence of cessation programmes for this sample of population maintain the high smoking prevalence at pregnant women in Romania.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The study demonstrate that we have still great problem with the level of education of our pregnant women.
DISCLOSURE: Ioana Munteanu, No Financial Disclosure Information; No Product/Research Disclosure Information