PURPOSE: This study analyses our observations of Cockroaches as one of the most comman and allergenic of indoor pests.
METHODS: In the present study, 60 diagnosed cases of asthma, between age group 6-50 yrs with history of nasobronchial allergy and presence of wheezing (Study group) and 40 persons with no symptoms (Control group) were included . Intradermal test with cockroach allergens (Both male and female allergens) were done in each subject in both the groups and results of skin tests interprated .
RESULTS: In the study group 52 patients (86.6%) showed the positive skin reaction, while in the control group only 3 persons (7.5%) showed positive skin reaction. In study group 30 patients (50%) reacted to male allergen and 22 patients (36.6%) reacted to female allergen, while 17 patients (28.34%) reacted to both the allergens.
CONCLUSION: Cockroach allergen is an important cause of nasobronchial allergy and asthma in human beings.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Cockroaches are one of the most comman and allergenic of indoor pests. There is a strong association between the presence of cockroaches and increase in severity of asthma symptoms among the people who are sensitive to cockroach allergens.
DISCLOSURE: Raghu Sabharwal, No Financial Disclosure Information; No Product/Research Disclosure Information