Abstract: Poster Presentations |


Moussa A. Riachy, MD*; Georges Khayat, MD; Youmna Kobeissy, MD; Rana Yammout, MD; Rana Mitri, MD; Carole Saadé-Riachy, MD; Nourredine Couche, MD; Ghazi Taan, MD; Nejib Geahchan; Pierre Bou Khalil, MD
Author and Funding Information

Hotel Dieu de France - Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon


Chest. 2007;132(4_MeetingAbstracts):506a. doi:10.1378/chest.132.4_MeetingAbstracts.506a
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PURPOSE: Asthma is a frequent and serious chronic respiratory disease sometimes fatal. It involves all ages and all social subclasses. The goal of our study is to determine asthmatics demography in a low socio-economic community in Lebanon and to describe its association with various epidemiologic factors.

METHODS: Computerized data of 44 814 patients of a nongovernmental organization (Hariri Foundation), in Lebanon were reviewed. Asthmatic patients diagnosed by a health professional on the basis of medical criteria during the period which spreads out from January 2003 to June 2005 were retained. The socio-economic characteristics of this population were retrieved and their geographical distributions were depicted. The study focused on the association of asthma with smoking, depression, obesity and alcohol consumption.

RESULTS: The majority of studied population (75%) belongs to a low socio-economic environment with a salary lower than 200$ per month. 31% are illiterate. 583 patients (male 58.2%) are diagnosed upon ICD-10 as asthmatic by primary care physicians with a mean age 26±21.5. The number of children (385 subjects) is higher than that of adults with a rate of 2.08% and 1.09% respectively. 19.1% of the patients are smokers. Association with exsmokers (OR 4.37; 95% CI 2.38, 8.02) is stronger than with regular smokers (OR 1.44; 95% CI 1.11, 1.87). A significant and strong association is found with depression (OR 25.6; 95% CI 3.32, 197.6), obesity (OR 4.09, 95% CI 1.31, 12.73) and the regular alcohol consumption (OR 11.78; 95% CI 1.55, 89.44).

CONCLUSION: Distribution of asthma disease in a low socio-economic population is defined. The importance of the epidemiological associations established universally between asthma and other affections are checked. Regular and ex-smokers, depression, obesity, regular alcohol consumption are risk factors for asthma disease.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Demographic characteristics of asthmatic patients of a low socioeconomic population are determined in order to better deal with the disease by the health care organizations.

DISCLOSURE: Moussa Riachy, No Financial Disclosure Information; No Product/Research Disclosure Information

Wednesday, October 24, 2007

12:30 PM - 2:00 PM




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