PURPOSE: To analyze the data we submitted to the New York State Department of Health Coronary Angioplasty Reporting System Database on coronary angioplasty (CA) performed at Westchester Medical Center/New York Medical College from 1996-2005.
METHODS: We analyzed the data from the New York State Department of Health Coronary Angioplasty Reporting System database for the patients undergoing CA at Westchester Medical Center/New York Medical College from 1996 through 2005. Student's t tests were used for analysis of continuous variables. Chi-square tests were used for analysis of dichotomous variables.
RESULTS: CA was performed in 1122 patients during 1996, in 1624 patients during 2003, and in 1626 patients during 2005. The patients included 68% men and 32% women during 1996 and 2005. The patients were 89% whites during 1996 and 88% whites during 2005 (p not significant). Compared to 1996, during 2005, the patients were older (mean age 64.5 years versus 61.0 years, p<0.001), weighed more (84.2 kg versus 82.0 kg, p <0.001), had a higher mean body mass index (28.8 kg/m2 versus 28.3 kg/m2, p<0.001), and had a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus (27% versus 17%, p<0.001). The prevalence of hypertension was significantly higher in 2003 (76%) than in 1996 (54%), p <0.001.
CONCLUSION: Since 1996, patients undergoing CA at Westchester Medical Center/New York Medical College are older, have a higher body mass index, and a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Reducing increased body weight with a consequent reduction in diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia is a major medical challenge that needs to be dealt with urgently throughout the world.
DISCLOSURE: Kumar Kalapatapu, No Financial Disclosure Information; No Product/Research Disclosure Information