To determine the prevalence of behavioral problems in children with OSAS and to determine if association exists between their severity and severity of OSAS.
Schoolchildren aged 3 to 14 years diagnosed with OSAS were included. OSAS was diagnosed by sleep study. Behavioral problems were ascertained using the Comprehensive Teacher Rating Scale. Association was determined by the overall respiratory disturbance index: nocturnal desaturations and arousal index.
Twenty subjects diagnosed to have OSAS with mean age of 7.35+ 3.01 years. Significant association was found between the severity of OSAS and severity of attention and oppositional behavior problem with desaturation episodes. But no association was found between RDI and arousal index .
This study established that 20 children with OSAS had one or more attention and attention-related behavior problems.
Findings suggest that respiratory disturbances leading to desaturations may be more important in influencing severity of behavioral problems in children with OSAS, than number of arousals leading to sleep fragmentation.
C.A. Lu, None.