Left ventricular aneurysms are a frequent sequela of transmural myocardial infarction. The vast majority is true aneurysms and false are rare (12).CASE PRESENTATIONS: A 53-year-old women presented by recurrent left-sided, sharp chest pain for two months. Her medical history and examination were insignificant. Chest X-ray was unremarkable.Computed tomography (CT) showed a 3.5-cm diameter pseudoaneurysm emanating from the lateral aspect of the left ventricle.Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) defined a 5x3-cm oval pseudoaneurysm extending from the anterolateral wall of the left ventricle. A jet phenomenon is noted at the site of communication between the cavity of the left ventricle.Cardiac Cineangiography confirmed the presence of a pseudoaneurysmal cavity connected to the left ventricle.DISCUSSION: A pseudoaneurysm is the consequence of rupture of the cardiac wall within extra-cardiac hematoma; its lumen communicates with the ventricle. In CT, the presence of a typical neck is not always diagnostic of a pseudoaneurysm, and sometimes the neck is not clearly demarcated. A keystone in diagnostic imaging with angiography, echocardiography, and radionuclide studies is the visualization of a “typical neck”(12).CONCLUSIONS: The use of combined diagnostic radiology techniques (CT and MRI) and Cardiac cineangiography help in the diagnosis of ventricular pseudoaneurysm.
Chest X-ray PA view.
Axial CT scan shows a pseudoaneurysm (A) emanating from the lateral aspect of the left ventricle (LV).
Postcontrast axial CT scan shows the pseudoaneurysmal cavity (arrow).
Figure : (A, B, C) Cine gradient echo coronal MRI (A) & (B) ECG-gated horizontal long-axis and short axis (C) spin-echo MR images show a narrow ostium (arrow) communicating the pseudoaneurysm (A) and the left ventricular (LV).
Cardiac cineangiography shows a pseudoaneurysmal cavity connected with the left ventricle (arrow).
E.H. Ibrahim, None.