The initial publication foray in March 1935 by the ACCP was Diseases of the Chest, edited by C. M. Hendricks, from El Paso, TX, who ensured 10,000 copies of the inaugural issue were distributed to potentially interested physicians. In the foreword of the second issue, it is clear that there was, and still is, much interest in conditions and diseases that affect the chest.
The early editions of Diseases of the Chest focused almost exclusively on the management of TB—chemotherapy as we know it today had not begun to evolve. By the end of 1935, topics beyond TB were beginning to be published, including empyema and pulmonary hemorrhage and interesting case reports. Since the early exploratory days, the journal has changed its name, editors, and influence. It is now recognized by pulmonologists and other experts as being THE source of new breaking scientific data germane to the pulmonologist and many other disciplines. Recently, CHEST was voted one of the 100 most influential journals of the past 100 years in medicine and biology by the Biomedical and Life Sciences Division of the Special Libraries Association. CHEST won in the respiratory medicine area of the clinical medicine category, scoring three times higher than its closest competitor.