In 1935, Murray Kornfeld had an inspiration that would prove historical. As a young man recuperating from tuberculosis, Kornfeld realized, firsthand, the need to educate general practitioners and the public about tuberculosis prevention and treatment. He envisioned a society of physician specialists who could share clinical knowledge to advance patient care. He envisioned what would become the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP).
Founded in 1935 as the Federation of American Sanatoria, Murray Kornfeld established an organization to educate general practitioners about tuberculosis through education courses and a journal devoted to diseases of the chest. In March 1935, Murray Kornfeld published the inaugural issue of Diseases of the Chest. The first issue was distributed to 10,000 physicians throughout the United States. C. M. Hendricks, MD, editor in chief, wrote, “With this issue, Diseases of the Chest makes its bow to the medical profession of America. Inasmuch as there is no journal of large circulation among the general practitioners devoted to this subject, the publishers believe that Diseases of the Chest will fill a long-felt want, and it is their sincere hope that this journal will take its place as a leading factor in the fight against tuberculosis.”