All of the hospitals possessed flexible bronchoscopes, but only seven hospital possessed rigid bronchoscopes. All of the hospitals required that patients sign informed consent forms before undergoing bronchoscopy. All of the hospitals performed a radiograph or CT scan before performing bronchoscopy. Twenty-four hospitals performed ECG, 23 hospitals examined coagulation profiles, 21 hospitals performed a CBC count, 16 hospitals examined hepatitis B markers, and 8 hospitals tested for HIV before the patient underwent bronchoscopy. Atropine was administered by 19 hospitals. Sedatives were administered by four hospitals, three of which also used atropine. Ten hospitals used no premedication. Nineteen hospitals performed bronchoscopy with all patients receiving topical anesthesia. Eleven hospitals performed bronchoscopy with most patients receiving topical anesthesia, and a few patients receiving general anesthesia. For topical anesthesia, 12 hospitals used a nebulizer, 8 hospitals used a spray, and 8 hospitals used both. The other two hospitals injected lidocaine through the bronchoscope over the glottis. An emergency cart was available in the examination room in 28 hospitals. During bronchoscopy, pulse oximetry was the most widely used monitoring method; some hospitals also monitored ECG and BP. Most hospitals used the nasal route to perform routine bronchoscopy. Some hospitals used the oral route for patients with a narrow nasal cavity. Twenty-three hospitals used a sink to wash the bronchoscopes, and 27 hospitals used glutaraldehyde to disinfect them.