0
Special Features |

Ventilator-Associated Tracheobronchitis: The Impact of Targeted Antibiotic Therapy on Patient Outcomes

Donald E. Craven, MD; Alexandra Chroneou, MD; Nikolaos Zias, MD, PhD; Karin I. Hjalmarson, MD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Departments of Infectious Diseases (Drs. Craven and Hjalmarson) and Critical Care Medicine (Drs. Chroneou and Zias), Lahey Clinic Medical Center, Burlington, MA.

Correspondence to: Donald E. Craven, MD, Chair, Department of Infectious Diseases, Lahey Clinic Medical Center, 41 Mall Rd, Burlington, MA 01805; e-mail: donald.e.craven@lahey.org


The authors have no actual or potential conflicts of interest associated with this work to disclose.

Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians (www.chestjournal.org/misc/reprints.shtml).

For editorial comment see page 252


Chest. 2009;135(2):521-528. doi:10.1378/chest.08-1617
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Nosocomial lower respiratory tract infections are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in ICU patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Many studies have investigated the management and prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), but few have focused on the role of ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis (VAT). The pathogenesis of lower respiratory tract infections often begins with tracheal colonization that may progress to VAT, and in selected patients to VAP. Since there is no well-established definition of VAT, discrimination between VAT and VAP can be challenging. VAT is a localized disease with clinical signs (fever, leukocytosis, and purulent sputum), microbiologic information (Gram stain with bacteria and leukocytes, with either a positive semiquantitative or a quantitative sputum culture), and the absence of a new infiltrate on chest radiograph. Monitoring endotracheal aspirates has been used to identify and quantify pathogens colonizing the lower airway, to diagnose VAT or VAP, and to initiate early, targeted antibiotic therapy. Recent data suggest that VAT appears to be an important risk factor for VAP and that targeted antibiotic therapy for VAT may be a new paradigm for VAP prevention and better patient outcomes.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
Guidelines
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543