0
Original Research: SLEEP MEDICINE |

The New Local Coverage Determination Criteria for Adherence to Positive Airway Pressure Treatment: Testing the Limits?

Mark S. Aloia, PhD; Christopher E. Knoepke, MSW; Teofilo Lee-Chiong, MD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

From the Department of Medicine, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO.

Correspondence to: Mark S. Aloia, PhD, National Jewish Health, 1400 Jackson St, Denver, CO 80206; e-mail: Aloiam@njhealth.org


Funding/Support: This study was supported by the National Institutes of Health [R01 HL67209].

For commentary see page 785

Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians (http://www.chestpubs.org/site/misc/reprints.xhtml).


© 2010 American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 2010;138(4):875-879. doi:10.1378/chest.09-2237
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  To our knowledge, the new local coverage determination (LCD) adherence criteria for continued reimbursement of continuous positive airway pressure after 90 days has heretofore not been validated, including the effects of the policy on care for patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

Methods:  We examined a retrospective database of 150 patients who received neuropsychologic testing prior to treatment and 3 and 6 months post treatment. We categorized participants using the new LCD criteria. Comparisons of neuropsychologic variables were made between adherent and nonadherent groups.

Results:  Fifty-five participants (37%) failed to meet the new criteria, although this number may not reflect the actual rates of adherence in clinical settings because some efforts beyond standard care were made to ensure adherence to treatment among many of the participants. Of the 50 patients who did not receive any special adherence intervention, only 28 (56%) met the criteria. On most measures, patients with poor adherence demonstrated neuropsychologic improvements similar to their adherent counterparts. Nonadherent patients realized additional improvements in working memory between 3 and 6 months post treatment.

Conclusions:  This study highlights the potential effects of the new criteria for adherence on patients with obstructive sleep apnea and their clinical care. These data were taken from a study that was not designed to examine these criteria, so controlled trials are needed to better understand the effect of the guidelines on adherence and treatment outcomes.

Trial Registration:  clinicaltrials.gov; Identifier: NCT00939601.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543