Significant progress has been made in understanding the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and developing therapeutic approaches for PH in recent years. Most of the currently available data regarding the prevalence, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of PH are from American and European populations. Whether these data are also valid in the Chinese population is still controversial. China has a relatively large population of patients with PH for clinical and basic research. However, many medical centers and hospitals in China have limited experience with PH diagnosis and treatment. Given the potential higher prevalence of PH in China than in the United States and European countries, it is critical to develop suitable, effective, and novel therapeutic approaches for Chinese patients. Measures for the detection and prevention of PH need to be put in place urgently for the management of PH in China.