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Postgraduate Education Corner: MEDICAL WRITING TIP OF THE MONTH |

Reporting a Systematic Review

Beate Wieseler, PhD; Natalie McGauran
Author and Funding Information

From the Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG), Cologne, Germany.

Correspondence to: Beate Wieseler, PhD, Department of Drug Assessment, Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care, Dillenburger Str 27, 51105 Cologne, Germany; e-mail: beate.wieseler@iqwig.de


Funding/Support: This work was supported by the Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care.

Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians (www.chestpubs.org/site/misc/reprints.xhtml).


© 2010 American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 2010;137(5):1240-1246. doi:10.1378/chest.09-2625
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Published online

Extract

A systematic review (SR) is “[a] review of a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and explicit methods to identify, select, and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect and analyse data from the studies that are included in the review. Statistical methods (meta-analysis) may or may not be used to analyse and summarise the results of the included studies.”1 In contrast to SRs, narrative reviews summarize evidence in a nonsystematic fashion and are, therefore, more likely to be affected by bias.

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