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Original Research: COPD |

Serum IP-10 as a Biomarker of Human Rhinovirus Infection at Exacerbation of COPD

Jennifer K. Quint, MBBS; Gavin C. Donaldson, PhD; James J.P. Goldring, MBBS; Ramin Baghai-Ravary, MBBS; John R. Hurst, PhD; Jadwiga A. Wedzicha, MD
Author and Funding Information

From the Academic Unit of Respiratory Medicine, UCL Medical School, University College London, London, England.

Correspondence to: Prof. J. A. Wedzicha, Academic Unit of Respiratory Medicine, University College London, Rowland Hill St, London NW3 2PF, England; e-mail: j.a.wedzicha@medsch.ucl.ac.uk


Funding/Support: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [Grant RO1 HL082578].

Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians (www.chestpubs.org/site/misc/reprints.xhtml).


© 2010 American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 2010;137(4):812-822. doi:10.1378/chest.09-1541
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Background:  Human rhinovirus (HRV) is the most frequent virus associated with COPD exacerbations. Viral infections increase exacerbation severity and likelihood of hospitalization. As ease of sampling blood makes serum a more practical marker than sputum, we investigated whether changes in serum interferon-γ-inducible protein 10 (IP-10) from baseline to exacerbation were higher in airway HRV-positive exacerbations and whether IP-10 levels related to HRV load.

Methods:  One hundred thirty-six patients with COPD and 70 controls were included over 2 years and 72 exacerbations sampled. HRV positivity and load were determined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in nasopharyngeal swabs and/or sputum at baseline and exacerbation. IP-10 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in serum and compared with HRV load.

Results:  At baseline, serum IP-10 was higher in patients with COPD than controls; medians were 149.4 pg/mL (103-215) and 111.7 pg/mL (82-178), P = .02. The presence of HRV at baseline did not increase IP-10: patients with COPD, 166.9 pg/mL (110-240) and 149.4 pg/mL (103-215), P = .30; controls, 136.4 pg/mL (77-204) and 111.7 pg/mL (82-178), P = .53. IP-10 increased significantly from baseline to exacerbation in HRV-positive exacerbations: 154.9 pg/mL (114.0-195.1) to 207.5 pg/mL (142.1-333.5), P = .009. There was no change in IP-10 between baseline and exacerbation in HRV-negative exacerbations: 168.3 pg/mL (94.3-249.8) and 175.6 pg/mL (107.2-290.4), P = .49. At exacerbation, IP-10 correlated with sputum viral load: rho = 0.48; P = .02. In receiver operating characteristics analysis, the combination of IP-10 and coryzal symptoms gave an area under the curve of 0.82 (95% CI, 0.74-0.90).

Conclusions:  IP-10 increases from baseline to exacerbation in HRV-positive exacerbations and correlates with sputum HRV load. Serum IP-10 may be useful as a novel marker for these events.

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