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Editorials |

Not Everything That Can Be Counted Counts …

Lee E. Morrow, MD, MSc, FCCP; Andrew F. Shorr, MD, MPH, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

Affiliations: Omaha, NE,  Washington, DC

Correspondence to: Lee E. Morrow, MD, MSc, FCCP, Creighton University Medical Center, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, 601 North Thirtieth St, Suite #3820, Omaha, NE 68131; e-mail: lmorrow@creighton.edu



Chest. 2008;133(2):336-337. doi:10.1378/chest.07-2514
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Of the two million nosocomial infections in the United States each year, up to 70% are caused by bacterial pathogens that are resistant to at least one antimicrobial agent.1 It is now well documented that Staphylococcus aureus, a common cause of nosocomial infections, is gaining resistance at an alarming rate. In 1990, methicillin-resistant S aureus (MRSA) accounted for 20 to 25% of all S aureus isolates in the United States: in 1997, this proportion had grown to 25 to 50%.2 This trend is further supported by recent data from the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System,3 which reported that MRSA accounted for nearly 60% of S aureus isolates causing infections in ICUs as of 2003. Because MRSA infections are associated with longer lengths of stay, higher mortality rates, and increased costs, significant research efforts are targeting rapid diagnostic testing, novel antibiotic therapies, and improved prevention strategies.

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    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
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