Publishing is a necessary fact of life for researchers, required for both promotion opportunities and continued funding. For collaborative projects, the pressure to publish can lead to tension among legitimate coauthors over the order of authorship and to abuse of the process by researchers wishing to pad their resumes. Prospective authors may also feel pressure to manipulate their data or misrepresent their findings to increase the likelihood that a given manuscript will be published or to make the results more palatable to their funders. Guidelines to help determine what constitutes authorship and the responsibilities of authorship are therefore needed. Fortunately, such guidance is available.