0
Original Research: ASTHMA |

Up-Regulation of Thrombin Activity Induced by Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Asthmatic Airways*

Hiroshi Kanazawa, MD, PhD; Takahiro Yoshikawa, MD, PhD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Department of Respiratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan.

Correspondence to: Hiroshi Kanazawa, MD, PhD, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, 1-4-3, Asahi-machi, Abenoku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan; e-mail: kanazawa-h@med.osaka-cu.ac.jp



Chest. 2007;132(4):1169-1174. doi:10.1378/chest.07-0945
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background: High expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces subepithelial fibrosis associated with angiogenesis in patients with asthma. Thrombin is recognized as a new candidate mediating airway remodeling. Therefore, this study was designed to determine the role of up-regulated thrombin activity induced by VEGF on airway remodeling in patients with asthma.

Methods: Levels of biochemical parameters in induced sputum were examined in 21 asthmatic patients and 11 normal control subjects.

Results: Thrombin activity in induced sputum was significantly higher in asthmatic patients than in normal control subjects: median, 3.67 U/mL; range, 1.15 to 10.2 U/mL; vs median, 1.26 U/mL; range, 0.93 to 2.42 U/mL (p < 0.0001). In contrast, protein C activity in induced sputum was lower in asthmatic patients than in normal control subjects: median, 20%; range, 5 to 30%; vs 41%; range, 30 to 59% (p < 0.0001). VEGF level in induced sputum was positively correlated with thrombin activity in asthmatic patients (r = 0.55, p = 0.02), while inversely correlated with protein C activity (r = − 0.57, p = 0.01). Levels of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), a major profibrotic factor, were also significantly higher in asthmatic patients than in normal control subjects. Moreover, thrombin activity was significantly correlated with bFGF level in asthmatic patients (r = 0.67, p = 0.003).

Conclusions: Increase in VEGF level leads to up-regulation of thrombin activity in asthmatic airways, and this elevated thrombin activity induces elevation of bFGF level. It will become to be a new strategy of asthma therapy to attenuate thrombin activity for the regulation of airway remodeling.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543