0
Original Research: PULMONARY HYPERTENSION |

Central Venous Blood Oxygen Saturation Monitoring in Patients With Chronic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Treated With Continuous IV Epoprostenol*: Correlation With Measurements of Hemodynamics and Plasma Brain Natriuretic Peptide Levels

Kelly M. Chin, MD; Richard N. Channick, MD, FCCP; Nick H. Kim, MD; Lewis J. Rubin, MD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

*From the Department of Internal Medicine (Dr. Chin), Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX; and the Department of Internal Medicine (Drs. Channick, Kim, and Rubin), Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA.

Correspondence to: Kelly M. Chin, MD, UT Southwestern Pulmonary Hypertension Program, 5909 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX 75235-9254; e-mail: kelly.chin@utsouthwestern.edu



Chest. 2007;132(3):786-792. doi:10.1378/chest.07-0694
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background: IV epoprostenol is a highly effective therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, monitoring the efficacy and adjusting the dose of epoprostenol often requires serial invasive hemodynamic measurements. This study investigated whether superior vena cava (SVC) oxygen saturation measured from the indwelling catheter and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level would predict right heart catheterization markers associated with lower survival rates (right atrial pressure [RAP], > 10 mm Hg; pulmonary artery [PA] oxygen saturation, < 62%) in epoprostenol-treated patients with PAH.

Methods: Twenty-seven epoprostenol-treated PAH patients had a BNP level and SVC oxygen saturation measured from their indwelling central venous catheters. The results were compared with cardiac catheterization results.

Results: SVC oxygen saturation and BNP level both showed significant correlation with hemodynamic variables. BNP level correlated best with RAP (r = 0.66; p < 0.001), while SVC oxygen saturation correlated most closely with PA oxygen saturation (r = 0.91; p < 0.001). All patients with a BNP level of ≥ 117 pg/mL had an elevated RAP (specificity, 100% [defined as a RAP of > 10 mm Hg]), but sensitivity was only 65%. An SVC oxygen saturation of < 64% showed a sensitivity of 89% and a specificity of 78% in predicting a PA oxygen saturation of < 62%.

Conclusions: SVC oxygen saturation and BNP level predict hemodynamics associated with lower survival rates and may be useful as “noninvasive” markers of prognosis in epoprostenol-treated PAH patients. BNP levels have a lower sensitivity relative to specificity, and a normal BNP level did not exclude a high RAP or low PA oxygen saturation.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543