0
Original Research: VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM |

Double Trouble for 2,609 Hospitalized Medical Patients Who Developed Deep Vein Thrombosis*: Prophylaxis Omitted More Often and Pulmonary Embolism More Frequent

Gregory Piazza, MD; Ali Seddighzadeh, MD, MSc; Samuel Z. Goldhaber, MD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

*From the Cardiovascular Division (Dr. Piazza), Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA; and the Cardiovascular Division (Drs. Seddighzadeh and Goldhaber), Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Correspondence to: Gregory Piazza, MD, Cardiovascular Division, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 1 Deaconess Rd, Baker 4, Boston, MA 02215; e-mail: gpiazza@bidmc.harvard.edu



Chest. 2007;132(2):554-561. doi:10.1378/chest.07-0430
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background: Hospitalized patients with medical illness are especially susceptible to the development of venous thromboembolism (VTE).

Methods: To improve our understanding of the demographics, comorbidities, risk factors, clinical presentation, prophylaxis, and treatment of hospitalized medical patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT), we evaluated hospitalized medical patients in a prospective registry of 5,451 consecutive ultrasound-confirmed DVT patients at 183 institutions in the United States.

Results: Of those patients who participated in the registry, 2,609 (48%) were hospitalized medical patients. Compared with 1,953 hospitalized nonmedical patients with DVT, medical patients with DVT experienced pulmonary embolism (PE) more often (22.2% vs 15.5%, respectively; p < 0.0001). However, medical patients in whom DVT developed had received VTE prophylaxis far less frequently than nonmedical patients (25.4% vs 53.8%, respectively; p < 0.0001). The underutilization of VTE prophylaxis among hospitalized medical patients extended to both pharmacologic and mechanical modalities. In a multivariable logistic regression analysis of all hospitalized VTE patients, status as a medical patient was negatively associated with receiving prophylaxis (adjusted odds ratio, 0.47; 95% confidence interval, 0.28 to 0.78).

Conclusions: Hospitalized medical patients face “double trouble.” First, during hospitalization for a reason other than VTE, VTE prophylaxis is omitted in medical patients more often than in nonmedical patients. Second, when VTE develops as a complication of hospitalization, hospitalized medical patients experience PE more often. Further studies should focus on understanding why prophylaxis is often omitted in hospitalized medical patients and on improving its implementation in this vulnerable population.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
Guidelines
Guidelines on use of vena cava filters.
British Committee for Standards in Haematology | 9/25/2009
Guidelines on the use and monitoring of heparin.
British Committee for Standards in Haematology | 9/25/2009
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543