0
Original Research: CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE |

Postobstructive Pulmonary Edema*: A Case for Hydrostatic Mechanisms

Richard D. Fremont, MD; Richard H. Kallet, MS, RRT; Michael A. Matthay, MD, FCCP; Lorraine B. Ware, MD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

*From the Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine (Drs. Fremont and Ware), Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN; and the Cardiovascular Research Institute (Mr. Kallet and Dr. Matthay), University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.

Correspondence to: Richard D. Fremont, MD, Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University, T1218 MCN, 1161 Twenty-First Ave S, Nashville, TN 37232-2650; e-mail: richard.fremont@vanderbilt.edu



Chest. 2007;131(6):1742-1746. doi:10.1378/chest.06-2934
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background: Postobstructive pulmonary edema is a well-recognized complication of upper airway obstruction. The mechanisms of edema formation are unclear and may be due to increased hydrostatic forces generated by high negative inspiratory pressure or by increased permeability of the alveolar capillary membrane. Measurement of the edema fluid/plasma protein ratio and the rate of net alveolar fluid clearance are two well-validated methods for classifying the underlying mechanism of edema formation. The goal of the current study was to investigate the mechanisms of pulmonary edema formation in patients with postobstructive pulmonary edema by serial sampling of undiluted pulmonary edema fluid.

Methods: A retrospective review of 341 patients who had pulmonary edema fluid collected prospectively after the acute onset of pulmonary edema. All patients had serial samples of edema fluid and plasma collected over the first 8 h after intubation.

Results: Ten of the 341 patients with acute pulmonary edema were identified as having postobstructive pulmonary edema. The mean (± SD) edema fluid/plasma protein ratio in these patients was 0.54 ± 0.15. The mean rate of alveolar fluid clearance over 8 h was 14.0 ± 17.4% per hour. Nine of the 10 patients survived the hospitalization.

Conclusion: Measurement of the edema fluid/plasma protein ratio and the presence of net alveolar fluid clearance in 10 patients with postobstructive pulmonary edema supports a hydrostatic mechanism for edema fluid formation. The predominantly fast rates of alveolar fluid clearance may explain the rapid resolution of clinical postobstructive pulmonary edema that is typically described.


Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

CHEST Journal Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543