0
Original Research: CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY |

The Impact of New-Onset Atrial Fibrillation on In-hospital Mortality Following Cardiac Surgery*

Dimitri Kalavrouziotis, MD; Karen J. Buth, MSc; Imtiaz S. Ali, MD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Halifax, NS, Canada.

Correspondence to: Imtiaz S. Ali, MD, New Halifax Infirmary, 1796 Summer St, Suite 2263, Halifax, NS, Canada, B3H 3A7; e-mail: imtiaz.ali@dal.ca



Chest. 2007;131(3):833-839. doi:10.1378/chest.06-0735
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background: The impact of new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation (NAF) on in-hospital mortality (IHM) following cardiac surgery is unknown.

Methods: All patients without preoperative atrial fibrillation undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and concomitant CABG and valve surgery were identified (n = 7,347). The association between NAF and IHM was determined using logistic regression modeling. Also, propensity score analysis was used to create two matched subgroups of patients with and without NAF (n = 2,015 in each group). The secondary outcomes examined were stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), intra-aortic balloon pump use, GI complications, deep sternal wound infection (DSWI), septicemia, renal failure, and length of stay.

Results: NAF developed in 2,047 patients (27.9%). NAF was not an independent predictor of IHM (odds ratio, 0.8; 95% confidence interval, 0.6 to 1.2; p = 0.3). In multivariate analysis, NAF was associated with age ≥ 60 years, combined procedures, preoperative MI within 7 days of surgery, COPD, cerebrovascular disease, and male gender. Propensity-adjusted results revealed no difference in IHM between NAF vs no-NAF patients (2.9% vs 3.5%, respectively; Bonferroni-corrected p = 0.99). However, GI complications (4.2% vs 2.1%), DSWI (1.3% vs 0.4%), septicemia (4.0% vs 1.1%), renal failure (7.6% vs 4.3%), and length of stay (8 days vs 6 days) were significantly increased in patients with NAF.

Conclusion: NAF following cardiac surgery is not associated with increased IHM.


Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

CHEST Journal Articles
Intraoperative Interventions*: American College of Chest Physicians Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation After Cardiac Surgery
PubMed Articles
Guidelines
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543