Sleep problems are extremely common during childhood, from infancy to adolescence. Despite the prevalence of sleep problems, childhood sleep disorders are often underrecognized and undiagnosed, despite being either preventable or treatable. Sleep impacts almost all aspects of a child’s functioning, and thus the increased recognition and treatment of sleep disorders will positively affect a child’s well-being. Children experience the same broad range of sleep disturbances encountered in adults, including sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnia, delayed sleep phase, narcolepsy, and restless legs, but their clinical presentation, evaluation, and management may differ. Although snoring and sleep apnea may be the most common indication for an overnight sleep study in a child, one quarter of children presenting to a sleep clinic for evaluation will have a second sleep diagnosis, which is often nonrespiratory in nature. Especially in children, ruling out sleep apnea is rarely the end point of the sleep evaluation. Clinicians involved in sleep medicine must be prepared to recognize, evaluate, and manage plans for sleep disorders across the lifespan of the patient. This article will provide an updated review of nonrespiratory pediatric sleep disorders within a developmental framework.