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Paraneoplastic Polymyositis Associated With Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lung*

Mikhail Gabrilovich, MD, PhD; Mohammad Raza, MD; Stephen Dolan, MD, FCCP; Tasleem Raza, MD, MSc, FCCP
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*From the Medical College of Wisconsin and Clement Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI.

Correspondence to: Mikhail Gabrilovich, MD, PhD, Department Of Medicine, Medical College Of Wisconsin, 9200 West Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI 53226; e-mail: mgabrilo@mcw.edu



Chest. 2006;129(6):1721-1723. doi:10.1378/chest.129.6.1721
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An association between polymyositis and lung cancer has been debated. Published data usually lack either lung cancer histologic differentiation or biopsy-based delineation between polymyositis and dermatomyositis. We reported a case of a 56-year-old man with squamous cell carcinoma of the lung confined to a single hilar lymph node presenting with biopsy-proven polymyositis of 3 months in duration. Polymyositis should be considered as a potential presentation of paraneoplastic syndrome, especially in patients who are at risk for lung cancer.

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