0
Original Research: LUNG CANCER |

Radiofrequency Ablation Followed by Conventional Radiotherapy for Medically Inoperable Stage I Non-small Cell Lung Cancer*

Damian E. Dupuy, MD; Thomas DiPetrillo, MD; Sachin Gandhi, MD; Neal Ready, MD; Thomas Ng, MD; Walter Donat, MD; William W. Mayo-Smith, MD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Departments of Diagnostic Imaging (Drs. Dupuy, Ganghi, and Mayo-Smith), Radiation Oncology (Dr. DiPetrillo), Medicine (Drs. Ready and Donat), and Thoracic Surgery (Dr. Ng), Rhode Island Hospital and Brown Medical School, Providence, RI.

Correspondence to: Damian E. Dupuy, MD, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy St, Providence, RI 02903; e-mail:ddupuy@lifespan.org



Chest. 2006;129(3):738-745. doi:10.1378/chest.129.3.738
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Purpose: The standard treatment of stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is surgical resection. Some patients are poor surgical candidates due to severe comorbid medical conditions. Radiotherapy alone has historically been used in this patient population with limited success. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an image-guided, thermally mediated ablative technique recently applied to lung tumors. Combination therapy with both these treatments has not been previously performed. We report our experience with combined CT-guided RFA and conventional radiotherapy in 24 medically inoperable patients with a minimum of 2-year study follow-up in surviving patients.

Patients and methods: Twenty-four consecutive, medically inoperable patients with biopsy-proven, stage I NSCLC were treated with CT-guided RFA followed by radiotherapy to a dose of 66 Gy. RFA was performed with a single or cluster cool-tip F electrode; 21 patients were staged before therapy using fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography.

Results: There were 14 women and 10 men (median age, 76 years; range, 58 to 85 years). The histologic subtypes were squamous cell (n = 13), adenocarcinoma (n = 5), and undifferentiated (n = 6). All patients received RFA followed by three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy. There were no treatment-related deaths or grade 3/4 toxicities. Pneumothorax requiring chest tubes developed in three patients (12.5%). At a mean follow-up period of 26.7 months (range, 6 to 65 months), 14 patients (58.3%) died, with cumulative survival rates of 50% and 39% at the end of 2 years and 5 years, respectively. Ten of the deaths were cancer related. Two patients had local recurrence (8.3%), while nine patients had systemic metastatic disease. Three patients died of respiratory failure with no evidence of active disease, and one patient died of a cerebrovascular accident at 18-month follow-up. Pleural effusions developed after treatment in six patients (25%), which proved to be malignant in one patient.

Conclusion: RFA followed by conventional radiotherapy is feasible in this population of medically inoperable stage I NSCLC patients. Procedural complication rates are low, and no additional major toxicities were seen despite the addition of RFA. Local control and survival rates appear to be better than with radiotherapy alone.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

CHEST Journal Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543