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High Cessation Rates of Cigarette Smoking in Subjects With and Without COPD*

Brigitte Willemse, MSc; Ivonne Lesman-Leegte, MSc; Wim Timens, MD, PhD; Dirkje Postma, MD, PhD; Nick ten Hacken, MD, PhD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Departments of Pulmonology (Ms. Lesman-Leegte, Dr. Postma, and Dr. ten Hacken) and Pathology (Ms. Willemse and Dr. Timens), University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Correspondence to: Nick ten Hacken, MD, PhD, Department of Pulmonology, University Medical Centre Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, 9713 GZ Groningen, the Netherlands; e-mail: N.H.T.Ten.Hacken@int.umcg.nl



Chest. 2005;128(5):3685-3687. doi:10.1378/chest.128.5.3685
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Background/objective: In general, smoking cessation programs have low success rates. We evaluated the effectiveness of a 1-year smoking cessation program. This program was part of a research project investigating the effects of smoking cessation.

Participants: In this longitudinal study on the effects of 1 year of smoking cessation, 38 smokers with COPD or chronic bronchitis (mean age, 55 years; 20 men) and 25 healthy subjects (mean age, 50 years; 11 men) who smoked on average 22 cigarettes per day were recruited.

Methods and results: An experienced nurse and a researcher conducted an intensive nonpharmacologic smoking cessation program based on 15 group meetings of 8 to 10 participants. A uniquely high number of 16 COPD or chronic bronchitis patients (42%) and 17 healthy subjects (68%) did not smoke 1 year after stopping smoking.

Conclusion: We suggest that frequent and intensive motivational support in a research setting accounts for the high cessation rates.

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