Study objectives: To investigate the effect of manual hyperinflation (MH) in patients with atelectasis associated with ventilation support.
Design: Patients were randomized to either an experimental group or a control group.
Setting: Pulmonary ICUs from two hospitals.
Patients: Twenty-three patients with atelectasis associated with ventilation support.
Interventions: The MH technique was at a rate of 8 to 13 breaths/min for a period of 20 min each session, three times per day for 5 days. The control group received their standard prescribed mechanical ventilation without supplemental MH. Sputum contents (wet/dry weight ratio, viscosity), respiratory system capacity (spontaneous tidal volume [Vt], maximal inspiratory pressure, rapid shallow breathing index [f/Vt], chest radiograph signs, and Pao2/fraction of inspired oxygen [Fio2]) were measured just prior to the MH at day 0 as baseline, and at day 3 and day 6 of the study.
Measurements and results: There were significant improvements in scores over the 6-day study in the experimental group compared to the control group in spontaneous Vt (p = 0.035) and chest radiograph signs (p = 0.040), and a trend toward improvement of f/Vt (p = 0.066) and Pao2/Fio2 (p = 0.061) after adjustment for covariates. Other outcome variables did not differ significantly between the experimental and control groups.
Conclusions: MH performed on patients with atelectasis from ventilation support significantly improved alveolar recruitment.