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Implementation of Guidelines on Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

Antoni Torres, MD
Author and Funding Information

Affiliations: Barcelona, Spain
 ,  Dr. Torres is Chief of Pulmonology and Critical Care Department, Clinical Institute of Thorax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Red Gira and Red Respira, Facultat de Medicina, Universitat de Barcelona.

Correspondence to: Antoni Torres, MD, Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Clínic Barcelona, Villarroel 170.08036, Barcelona, Spain; e-mail: atorres@ub.edu



Chest. 2005;128(4):1900. doi:10.1378/chest.128.4.1900
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1Sopena, N, Sabria, M, . the Neunos 2000 Study Group (2005) Multicenter study of hospital-acquired pneumonia in non-ICU patients.Chest127,213-2192Chastre, J, Fagon, JY Ventilator-associated pneumonia.Am J Respir Crit Care Med2002;165,867-9033Niederman, MS, Craven, DE, Bonten, MJ, et al Guidelines for the management of adults with hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated, and healthcare-associated pneumonia.Am J Respir Crit Care Med2005;171,388-4164Alvarez-Lerma, F Modification of empiric antibiotic treatment in patients with pneumonia acquired in the intensive care unit: ICU-Acquired Pneumonia Study Group.Intensive Care Med1996;22,387-3945Iregui, M, Ward, S, Sherman, G, et al Clinical importance of delays in the initiation of appropriate antibiotic treatment for ventilator-associated pneumonia.Chest2002;122,262-2686Dean, NC, Silver, MP, Bateman, KA, et al Decreased mortality after implementation of a treatment guideline for community-acquired pneumonia.Am J Med2001;110,451-4577Soo Hoo, GW, Wen, YE, Nguyen, TV, et al Impact of clinical guidelines in the management of severe hospital-acquired pneumonia.Chest2005;128,2778-27878Campbell, D, Niederman, MS, Broughton, W, et al Hospital-acquired pneumonia in adults: diagnosis, assessment of severity, initial antimicrobial therapy, and preventative strategies.Am J Respir Crit Care Med1996;153,1711-17259Ioanas, M, Cavalcanti, M, Ferrer, M, et al Hospital-acquired pneumonia: coverage and treatment adequacy of current guidelines.Eur Respir J2003;22,876-88210Leroy, O, Giradie, P, Yazdanpanah, Y, et al Hospital-acquired pneumonia: microbiological data and potential adequacy of antibiotic regimes.Eur Respir J2002;20,432-43911Ibrahim, EH, Ward, S, Sherman, G, et al Experience with a clinical guideline for the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia.Crit Care Med2001;29,1109-111512Rello, J, Sa-Borges, M, Correa, H, et al Variations in etiology of ventilator-associated pneumonia across four treatment sites: implications for antimicrobial prescribing practices.Am J Respir Crit Care Med1999;160,608-61313Micek, ST, Ward, S, Fraser, VJ, et al A randomized controlled trial of an antibiotic discontinuation policy for clinically suspected ventilator-associated pneumonia.Chest2004;125,1791-179914Torres, A, Ewig, S Diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia.N Engl J Med2004;350,433-43515Ioanas, M, Ferrer, M, Cavalcanti, M, et al Causes and predictors of nonresponse to treatment of intensive care unit-acquired pneumonia.Crit Care Med2004;32,938-945

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