0
Clinical Investigations: PULMONARY REHABILITATION |

The Effects of Short-term and Long-term Pulmonary Rehabilitation on Functional Capacity, Perceived Dyspnea, and Quality of Life*

David Verrill, MS; Cole Barton, PhD; Will Beasley, BS; W. Michael Lippard, MA
Author and Funding Information

*From the NorthEast Medical Center Clinical Research Institute (Mr. Verrill and Mr. Lippard), Concord, NC; and Psychology Department (Dr. Barton and Mr. Beasely), Davidson College, Davidson, NC.

Correspondence to: David E. Verrill, MS, Presbyterian Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program, Presbyterian Center for Preventive Cardiology, 125 Baldwin Ave, Suite 200, Charlotte, NC 28204; e-mail: deverrill@novanthealth.org



Chest. 2005;128(2):673-683. doi:10.1378/chest.128.2.673
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Study objectives: The purposes of this study were as follows: (1) to determine whether physical performance, quality of life, and dyspnea with activities of daily living improved following both short-term and long-term pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) across multiple hospital outpatient programs; (2) to examine the differences in these parameters between men and women; and (3) to determine what relationships existed between the psychosocial parameters and the results of the 6-min walk (6MW) test performance across programs.

Design: Nonexperimental, prospective, and comparative.

Setting: Seven outpatient hospital PR programs from urban and rural settings across North Carolina.

Participants: Three hundred nine women and 281 men who were 20 to 93 years of age (mean [± SD] age, 66.7 ± 11.1 years) with chronic lung disease.

Interventions: All 6MW tests and health surveys were administered prior to and immediately following 12 and 24 weeks of supervised PR participation. Scores from the 6MW tests, the Ferrans and Powers quality of life index-pulmonary version III (QLI), the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item short form (SF-36), and the University of California at San Diego shortness of breath questionnaire (SOBQ) were compared at PR entry, at 12 weeks, and at 24 weeks for differences by gender with repeated-measures analysis of variance. The study entry and follow-up SF-36 physical and mental component summary scores, the QLI health/function and overall scores, and the SOBQ scores were also compared to the 6MW test scores with Pearson correlation coefficient analysis.

Results: The mean summary scores on the SF-36 and the QLI increased after 12 weeks of PR (p < 0.05), and improvements were maintained by 24 weeks of PR participation (p < 0.05). Scores on the SOBQ improved after 12 weeks (p < 0.001) among the short-term participants, but not until after 24 weeks among the long-term participants (p = 0.009). The 6MW test performance improved after 12 weeks (p < 0.001) and again from 12 to 24 weeks (p = 0.002) in the long-term participants. No relevant correlational relationships were found between 6MW scores and the summary scores of the administered surveys (r = −0.43 to 0.36).

Conclusions: Physical performance, as measured by the 6MW test, continued to improve with up to 24 weeks of PR participation. Quality-of-life measures and the perception of dyspnea improved after 12 weeks of PR participation, with improvements maintained by 24 weeks of PR participation. It is recommended that PR patients participate in supervised PR for at least 24 weeks to gain and maintain optimal health benefits.


Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543