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Critical Care Reviews |

Improving the ICU*: Part 2

Allan Garland, MD, MA
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*From the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine at MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH.

Correspondence to: Allan Garland, MD, MA, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, MetroHealth Medical Center, 2500 MetroHealth Dr, Cleveland, OH 44109; e-mail: agarland@metrohealth.org



Chest. 2005;127(6):2165-2179. doi:10.1378/chest.127.6.2165
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ICUs are a vital but troubled component of modern health-care systems. Improving ICU performance requires that we shift from a paradigm that concentrates on individual performance, to a systems-oriented approach that emphasizes the need to assess and improve the ICU systems and processes that hinder the ability of individuals to perform their jobs well. This second part of a two-part treatise establishes a practical framework for performance improvement and examines specific strategies to improve ICU performance, including the use of information systems.


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