Because the NIH policy instructs the PIs to deposit the accepted, peer-reviewed manuscript upon its acceptance by the journal, there is a risk that the PI will deposit an inaccurate version of the manuscript. As a clinical journal, CHEST publishes articles about therapeutic interventions that have a direct impact on patient care. Even though an article is accepted after having gone through a rigorous peer-review process, it still undergoes thorough copyediting procedures to correct errors and typographical mistakes, and clarify ambiguous language. Critics of the NIH plan argue that by urging PIs to submit the article immediately after acceptance but before copyediting is performed, the deposited NIH manuscripts might contain important inaccuracies. Because NIH is intending this content to be freely available to the general public, we are concerned that providing the scientific and general public with unedited article files may potentially lead to serious adverse consequences. Therefore, a number of journals, including CHEST, have modified their copyright statements and added disclaimers so that journals are not held responsible for uncorrected deposited content. Our revised statement and disclaimer appear in our Instructions to Authors as well as on the journal Web site. They will serve to make clear that the version submitted to NIH may not be the final version of the manuscript and that the author’s version of the manuscript has not gone through rigorous copyediting and should not be relied upon as being the definitive version of the article.