0
Clinical Investigations: ASTHMA |

The Effect of Montelukast on Exhaled Nitric Oxide and Lung Function in Asthmatic Children 2 to 5 Years Old*

Daniel A. Straub, MD; Stefan Minocchieri, MD; Alexander Moeller, MD; Jürg Hamacher, MD; Johannes H. Wildhaber, MD, PhD
Author and Funding Information

*From the University Children’s Hospital Zürich (Drs. Straub, Minocchieri, Moeller, and Wildhaber), Swiss Paediatric Respiratory Research Group, Zürich, Switzerland; and University of Homburg (Dr. Hamacher), Homburg, Germany.

Correspondence to: Daniel A. Straub, MD, Division of Respiratory Medicine, University Children’s Hospital, Steinwiesstrasse 75, CH-8032 Zürich, Switzerland; e-mail: daniel.straub@kispi.unizh.ch



Chest. 2005;127(2):509-514. doi:10.1378/chest.127.2.509
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective: The study was undertaken to investigate the influence of once-daily treatment with montelukast (Singulair; MSD; Glattbrugg, Switzerland) on levels of exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) and lung function in preschool children with asthma.

Methods: A total of 30 children (19 girls), 2 to 5 years of age, in whom asthma had been newly diagnosed, who had a positive first-degree family history of asthma and a positive allergy test result, were allocated to undergo a 1-week run-in period of montelukast treatment. eNO and airway resistance were measured in all patients before (visit 1) and after the run-in period (visit 2), and after treatment with montelukast (4 mg once daily) for 4 weeks (visit 3).

Results: There were no significant differences in all parameters before and after the run-in period. However, the mean (SD) levels of eNO and the mean (SD) levels of airway resistance after treatment at visit 3 were 11.6 parts per billion (ppb) [9.5 ppb] and 1.15 kPa/L/s (0.26 kPa/L/s), respectively, and were significantly lower compared to values of 33.1 ppb (12.0 ppb) and 1.28 kPa/L/s (0.23 kPa/L/s), respectively, before treatment (p < 0.001) and at visit 2 (p = 0.01). There was no significant change in mean bronchodilator responsiveness between visit 3 (13.2%; SD, 6.8%) and visit 1/visit 2 (13.3%; SD, 7.0%; p = 0.47).

Conclusion: We have shown that montelukast has a positive effect on lung function and airway inflammation as measured by nitric oxide level in preschool children with allergic asthma.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543