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Exercise Training Improves Overall Physical Fitness and Quality of Life in Older Women With Coronary Artery Disease : Just Keep on Moving?

Walid Hassan, MD, FCCP; Mohamed Eid Fawzy, MD
Author and Funding Information

Affiliations: Riyahd, Saudi Arabia
 ,  Dr. Hassan is Consultant and Deputy Head, Adult Cardiology, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center. Dr. Fawzy is a consultant adult cardiologist.

Correspondence to: Walid Hassan, MD, FCCP, Consultant and Deputy Head, Adult Cardiology, Department of Cardiovascular Disease (MBC#16) King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, PO Box 3354, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia; e-mail: hassanw@kfshrc.edu.sa



Chest. 2004;126(4):1009-1010. doi:10.1378/chest.126.4.1009
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Historically, the beneficial effects of exercise on the coronary heart disease risk profile are less marked in women compared with men.1 In previous observational studies,2 a lower fitness level was associated with a fourfold to sevenfold increased risk for all-cause mortality in women, and higher activity levels have been associated with decreased relative risks for coronary artery disease (CAD) [0.44] and stroke [0.51], compared with a lower activity level independent of other risk factors.

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