0
Reviews |

Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma*: Update, Current Management, and Newer Therapeutic Strategies

Massimo Pistolesi, MD; James Rusthoven, MD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Department of Medicine (Dr. Rusthoven), McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; and Department of Critical Care (Dr. Pistolesi), University of Florence, Firenze, Italy.

Correspondence to: Massimo Pistolesi, MD, Section of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Critical Care, University of Florence, Viale G.B. Morgagni 85, 50134 Firenze, Italy; e-mail: massimo@unifi.it



Chest. 2004;126(4):1318-1329. doi:10.1378/chest.126.4.1318
Text Size: A A A
Published online

The diagnosis and management of malignant pleural mesothelioma are major challenges that often frustrate both patient and clinician alike. Occupational asbestos exposure to crocidolite or amosite forms of the fiber is the most important known risk factor in North America and Western Europe. Other mineral fibers such as erionite, a naturally occurring fibrous zeolite crystal, are associated with mesothelioma in volcanic tuffs of the Cappadocia region of central Anatolia in Turkey. In addition, other possible factors such as the presence of simian virus 40 and genetic susceptibility have been associated recently with the development of mesothelioma in animal models. These latter findings are increasing our understanding of this disease. In addition, the discovery of elevated levels of various markers such as folic acid receptor α, cyclooxygenase 2, and multidrug resistance proteins 1 and 2 in mesothelioma tissue have opened up new areas of potential diagnostic and therapeutic importance. However, traditional treatment modalities—surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy—have evolved slowly, and few gains in therapeutic efficacy have occurred. Recently, however, continuing research efforts have led to novel treatment strategies that are changing the way clinicians view a disease that has traditionally been managed with almost universal therapeutic nihilism. This review explores our current knowledge of this disease and presents current and novel therapeutic strategies.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543