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Pulmonary and Critical Care Pearls |

Bilateral Pleural Effusions and Right Pneumothorax in a 25-Year-Old Man*

Eric J. Olafsson, MD; Chris C. Naum, MD, FCCP; George A. Sarosi, MD, FCCP; John G. Mastronarde, MD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

*From the Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Occupational Medicine (Drs. Olafsson, Sarosi, and Mastronarde), Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis; and Respiratory and Critical Care Consultants (Dr. Naum), Methodist Hospital, Indianapolis, IN

Correspondence to: Eric J. Olafsson, MD, VAMC, c/o Nedra Huett, Division of Pulmonary Medicine, 481 W Tenth St (111P), Indianapolis, IN 46202; e-mail: ejolafsson@yahoo.com



Chest. 2004;126(3):986-992. doi:10.1378/chest.126.3.986
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1. American Thoracic Society (1997) Diagnosis and treatment of disease caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria.Am J Respir Crit Care Med,S1-S252Bloch, KC, Zwerling, L, Pletcher, MJ, et al Incidence and clinical implications of isolation ofMycobacterium kansasii: results of a 5-year, population-based study.Ann Intern Med1998;129,698-7043Canueto-Quintero, J, Caballero-Granado, FJ, Herrero-Romero, M, et al Epidemiological, clinical, and prognostic differences between the diseases caused byMycobacterium kansasiiandMycobacterium tuberculosisin patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus: a multicenter study.Clin Infect Dis2003;37,584-5904Christensen, EE, Dietz, GW, Ahn, CH, et al Radiographic manifestations of pulmonaryMycobacterium kansasiiinfections.AJR Am J Roentgenol1978;131,985-9935Contretas, MA, Cheung, OT, Sanders, DE, et al Pulmonary infection with nontuberculous mycobacterium.Am Rev Respir Dis1988;137,149-1526Corbett, EL, Churchyard, GJ, Hay, M, et al The impact of HIV infection onMycobacterium kansasiidisease in South African gold miners.Am J Respir Crit Care Med1999;160,10-147Erasmus, JJ, McAdams, HP, Farrell, MA, et al Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial infection: radiologic manifestations.Radiographics1999;19,1487-15038Evans, AJ, Crisp, AJ, Hubbard, RB, et al PulmonaryMycobacterium kansasiiinfection: comparison of radiological appearances with pulmonary tuberculosis.Thorax1996;51,1243-12479Evans, SA, Colville, A, Evans, AJ, et al PulmonaryMycobacterium kansasiiinfection: comparison of the clinical features, treatment and outcome with the pulmonary tuberculosis.Thorax1996;51,1248-125210Griffith, DE Management of disease due toMycobacterium kansasii.Clin Chest Med2002;23,613-62111Hollings, NP, Wells, AU, Wilson, R, et al Comparative appearances of non-tuberculous mycobacteria species: a CT study.Eur Radiol2002;12,2211-221712Lillo, M, Orengo, S, Cernoch, P, et al Pulmonary and disseminated infection due toMycobacterium kansasii: a decade of experience.Rev Infect Dis1990;12,760-76713Management of opportunistic mycobacterial infections: Joint Tuberculosis Committee guidelines 1999. Subcommittee of joint tuberculosis committee of the British Thoracic Society.Thorax2000;55,210-21814Menziez, D Interpretation of repeated tuberculin tests: boosting, conversion and reversion.Am J Respir Crit Care Med1999;159,15-2115Pintado, V, Gomez-Mampaso, E, Martin-Davila, P, et al Mycobacterium kansasiiinfection in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus.Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis1999;18,582-58616Steadham, JE High-catalase strains ofMycobacterium kansasiiisolated from water in Texas.J Clin Microbiol1980;11,496-49817Zvetina, JR, Demos, TC, Maliwan, N, et al Pulmonary cavitations inMycobacterium kansasii: distinctions fromM. tuberculosis.AJR Am J Roentgenol1984;143,127-130

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