0
Clinical Investigations: ASTHMA |

History of Ear Infections and Prevalence of Asthma in a National Sample of Children Aged 2 to 11 Years*: The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994

Kamal Eldeirawi, MS; Victoria W. Persky, MD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL.

Correspondence to: Kamal M. Eldeirawi, MS, Epi/Bio (MC 923), School of Public Health, 1603 West Taylor St, Room 912, Chicago, IL 60612-7260; e-mail: Keldei1@uic.edu



Chest. 2004;125(5):1685-1692. doi:10.1378/chest.125.5.1685
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Methods: We analyzed data on 7,538 children aged 2 to 11 years who participated in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to examine the cross-sectional associations of history of ear infections with prevalence of ever-diagnosed asthma and the prevalence of wheezing in the last year in US children.

Results: History of ear infections was significantly related to the lifetime prevalence of diagnosed asthma (prevalence odds ratio [POR], 1.57; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05 to 2.36) and to the prevalence of wheezing in the last year (POR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.22 to 2.37) after controlling for potential confounding variables. The number of ear infections was linearly and significantly related to the risk of asthma and wheezing in the last year. Among children with no diagnosis of asthma, there was a significant association between a history of ear infections and any wheezing in the last year (adjusted POR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.07 to 2.25).

Conclusions: Our study indicated strong and significant associations of a history of asthma and wheezing with the frequency of ear infections in a nationally representative sample of 7,538 children aged 2 to 11 years. These findings highlight the need for prospective studies to examine further the relationship between asthma and ear infections.


Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543