Chouard and colleagues1 describe several reasons to suspect Napoleon I (1769–1821) had obstructive sleep apnea in the last decade of his brief life: he was obese and perhaps retrognathic, his neck was short and thick, he had nasal obstruction, he frequently slept during the day, he complained of declining energy and intellect and, if the 1814 painting reflects reality, he was quite tired looking and somewhat disheveled. However, Chouard and colleagues1 title their article as a question, and give evidence that weakens the diagnosis. Napoleon had unusual sleep habits all his adult life. For example, he would go to bed at midnight, awaken at 3 am to do work and to take a hot bath, and then return to bed at 5 am. Multiple anecdotes describe him napping during the day, as early as 1805. Despite this frequent and sometimes public daytime sleeping, Chouard et al,1 could not find accounts of Napoleon snoring. They suggest it was somehow a forbidden topic, as it would damage his prestige. Finally, there is the question of whether Napoleon simply slept too little, which, for an Emperor with great responsibilities, would not be surprising.