0
Clinical Investigations: LUNG BIOPSY |

Diagnostic Value of Transbronchial Needle Aspiration by Wang 22-Gauge Cytology Needle in Intrathoracic Lymphadenopathy*

Erdogan Cetinkaya; Pinar Yildiz; Sedat Altin; Veysel Yilmaz
Author and Funding Information

*From the Department of Pulmonology, Yedikule Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Correspondence to: Pinar Yildiz, MD, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Vanderbilt-Ingram Comprehensive Cancer Center, 2200 Pierce Ave, PRB 640, Nashville, TN 37232-6838; e-mail: pinary70@hotmail.com



Chest. 2004;125(2):527-531. doi:10.1378/chest.125.2.527
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) performed with a Wang 22-gauge cytology needle in patients with mediastinal and/or hilar adenopathy.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Tertiary care training hospital.

Patients: TBNA procedures were performed using a flexible bronchoscope and a 22-gauge Wang needle in 60 consecutive patients (36 women and 24 men; mean age, 39 ± 16 years [± SD]) who had mediastinal or hilar adenopathy identified on CT of the chest.

Results: Adequate lymph node sampling was obtained from 59 of 60 patients (98%). We were able to make a diagnosis in 45 of 60 patients (75%). TBNA was the only tool of diagnosis in 30 of the 60 patients (50%). Diagnoses included tuberculosis (n = 21), sarcoidosis (n = 21), carcinoma (n = 15), and lymphoma (n = 3). Adequate material was obtained from 20 of 21 patients with tuberculosis. The diagnosis made by TBNA was tuberculosis in 13 of 20 cases (65%). In 12 patients, diagnosis of tuberculosis was made cytologically; for the remaining 1 patient, mycobacterial culture was used. TBNA was the only diagnostic tool utilized in 8 of 20 patients with tuberculosis (40%). Diagnostic material was obtained from 16 of 21 patients with sarcoidosis (76%). In sarcoidosis, TBNA provided the only diagnostic specimen in 13 of 21 patients (62%). In all 15 patients with carcinoma (100%), diagnostic materials were obtained. Adequate but nondiagnostic samples were obtained from two patients with lymphoma, and one patient had lymphoma successfully diagnosed with TBNA. No complications were seen except minimal bleeding.

Conclusion: TBNA performed with a Wang 22-gauge cytology needle is an effective and safe way of obtaining cytologic specimens from intrathoracic lymph nodes and can rapidly provide diagnosis, both in malignant and benign mediastinal diseases. Hopefully, this technique will reduce further need for more invasive surgical procedures.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543