Objective: Cardiac ischemia/reperfusion-induced oxidative damage often occurs in mitochondria. We identified differentially expressed genes in the canine heart after global cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury was induced during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).
Methods: Differential-display polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) was performed on cardiac tissue from canine hearts with or without global cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury induced during CPB. Ischemia/reperfusion-associated mitochondrial injury was investigated at the protein level using various cardioplegic solutions and Western blot analysis.
Results: A mitochondrial protein nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH):ubiquinone oxidoreductase gene was identified on ddPCR. The NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase gene was up-regulated in canine hearts after 60 min of global cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury during CPB. Western blot analysis revealed that, after manipulation with different cardioplegic solutions, increased Bcl-2 expression and decreased cytochrome c expression were associated with cardiomyocytic apoptosis.
Conclusions: The NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase gene is up-regulated during global cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury during CPB in canines. To our knowledge, involvement of this gene in global cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury during CPB has not been described previously. The NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase gene may have a role in the regulation of molecular changes during the global cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury during CPB, such as the up-regulation of Bcl-2, which might block release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria and prevent cardiomyocytic apoptosis.