0
Articles |

New Pentasaccharides for the Prophylaxis of Venous Thromboembolism*: Clinical Studies

Alexander G. G. Turpie, MD; Bengt I. Eriksson, MD; Kenneth A. Bauer, MD; Michael R. Lassen, MD
Author and Funding Information

*From the Hamilton Health Sciences (Dr. Turpie), Hamilton General Hospital, Hamilton, ON, Canada; Sahlgrenska University Hospital/OSTRA (Dr. Eriksson), Goteborg, Sweden; VA Boston Healthcare System and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (Dr. Bauer), Boston, MA; and University of Copenhagen Hillerod (Dr. Lassen), Hillerod, Denmark.

Correspondence to: Alexander G. G. Turpie, MD, Department of Medicine, Hamilton Health Sciences-General Hospital, 237 Barton St East, Hamilton, ON, L8L 2X2 Canada; e-mail: turpiea@mcmaster.ca



Chest. 2003;124(6_suppl):371S-378S. doi:10.1378/chest.124.6_suppl.371S
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Fondaparinux, a selective inhibitor of factor Xa, is the first of a new class of antithrombotic compounds, the synthetic pentasaccharides. Its benefit-to-risk ratio in preventing venous thromboembolism after major orthopedic surgery was investigated in four randomized, double-blind international phase III trials in patients undergoing surgery for hip fracture, elective hip replacement, and major knee surgery. Compared to enoxaparin, fondaparinux administered at a subcutaneous dose of 2.5 mg qd, starting postoperatively, reduced the overall incidence of venous thromboembolism up to day 11 by 55.2% (p < 0.001). The incidence of clinically relevant bleeding was low and did not differ between the two groups. Overall, fondaparinux achieved optimal efficacy and safety when treatment was initiated ≥ 6 h after the surgical procedure. In a further randomized double-blind trial, 4 weeks of prophylaxis with fondaparinux after hip fracture surgery reduced the risk of venous thromboembolism by 96% as compared to 1 week of prophylaxis, and was well tolerated. Fondaparinux has been recently approved for use in thromboprophylaxis after major orthopedic surgery. The clinical development of fondaparinux in other thromboprophylactic indications is ongoing.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543