0
Laboratory and Animal Investigations |

Development of a Methacholine Challenge Method to Minimize Methacholine Waste*

Donald W. Cockcroft; Beth E. Davis; Audrey J. Smycniuk
Author and Funding Information

*From the Division of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Royal University Hospital, Saskatoon, Canada.

Correspondence to: Donald W. Cockcroft, MD, FCCP, Division of Respiratory Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Ellis Hall, Room 551, Fifth Floor, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0W8, Canada; e-mail: cockcroft@sask.usask.ca



Chest. 2003;124(4):1522-1525. doi:10.1378/chest.124.4.1522
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background: The standard 2-min tidal breathing methacholine challenge utilizes 3 mL to produce an output of 0.26 mL per 2 min, resulting in a substantial amount of methacholine being discarded.

Objective: To develop a method with reduced methacholine waste and to compare it to the standard method.

Methods: Twelve subjects with mild, well-controlled asthma volunteered for this investigation. They underwent three methacholine challenges in random order. The first challenge was the conventional 2-min tidal breathing method using 3 mL of doubling concentrations inhaled for 2 min at 5-min intervals. The first modification utilized 1.5 mL of quadrupling concentrations inhaled for 1 min and then 2 min, keeping the time interval constant at 3 min between completion of one inhalation and commencement of the next inhalation. The second modification utilized 1.5 mL of eightfold concentration step-ups inhaled for 30 s, 60 s, and 120 s with a time interval of 3 min between completion of one inhalation and commencement of the next inhalation. For each method, the provocative concentration of methacholine causing a 20% fall in FEV1 (PC20) was calculated based on a 2-min equivalent-dose inhalation.

Results: There was no significant difference in the geometric mean PC20 (1.5 mg/mL, 1.6 mg/mL, and 1.6 mg/mL for the three methods, respectively; p = 0.47). The quadrupling concentration method was preferred because it was less subject to error than the other modification.

Conclusion: The amount of methacholine discarded during a methacholine challenge can be reduced by two thirds by decreasing the volume from 3 to 1.5 mL, and by using quadrupling concentrations inhaled either with quadrupling-dose step-ups, or with doubling-dose step-ups by using sequential 1-min and 2-min inhalations.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543