Background: Experimental studies and retrospective analyses of mortality trials with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-Is) have suggested that aspirin may reduce the beneficial effect of these drugs. The aim of this study was to assess a possible detrimental effect of aspirin on survival in stable patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction who had congestive heart failure and had been treated with ACE-Is.
Methods and results: We performed a retrospective analysis in 755 consecutive stable patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction. A Cox regression model was used to select independent predictors of survival and to test for a possible interaction between aspirin and ACE-Is with an adjustment to differences in clinical characteristics in subgroups of patients. Of the 755 patients, 328 (43.4%) had proven ischemic cardiomyopathy, 693 patients (91.8%) were receiving ACE-Is, and 317 patients were receiving aspirin (mean [± SD] dose, 183 ± 65 mg/d; 74% of the patients receiving ≤ 200 mg/d). During a median follow-up period of 1,996 days, there were 273 cardiac-related deaths, 14 urgent transplantations, 71 nonurgent transplantations, and 46 noncardiac-related deaths, and 3 patients were lost to follow-up. The cardiovascular mortality rates were 11.5% and 19.0%, respectively, at 1 and 2 years. There were no interactions among aspirin, ACE-Is, and survival in the overall population (p = 0.21), or in subgroups of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (p = 0.41) or with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (p = 0.74).
Conclusions: In this population of stable patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction, our retrospective analysis did not demonstrate any interaction between the use of aspirin and survival in patients receiving ACE-Is.