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Editorials |

Secondary Spontaneous Pneumothorax: Catamenial Pneumothorax

Stephen R. Hazelrigg
Author and Funding Information

Affiliations: Springfield, IL
 ,  Dr. Hazelrigg is Professor and Chairman of the Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine.

Correspondence to: Stephen R. Hazelrigg, MD, FCCP, Professor and Chairman, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, SIU School of Medicine, PO Box 19638, Springfield, IL 62794-9638; e-mail: shazelrigg@siumed.edu



Chest. 2003;124(3):781-782. doi:10.1378/chest.124.3.781
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The article by Alifano et al in this issue of CHEST (see page 1004) revisits a very interesting cause of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax, that of catamenial pneumothorax. As outlined in the article, this is a pneumothorax that is usually right sided and occurs in women within 72 h of menstruation. This has been considered a rare cause of spontaneous pneumothorax but interestingly accounted for 25% of the spontaneous pneumothoraces in women in this series (8 of 32 cases). The questions raised with regard to this disorder are as follows: (1) is the true incidence higher than we previously suspected, and (2) how best should we manage it?

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